May 2, 2022
Kanwal Gulshan , a resident of the Maria Aku slum in Islamabad, made history as a student by going from a tent city to participating in the Women’s World Cup. Now she is making history again, as a teacher.
Gulshan is breaking many stereotypes about Pakistani girls, particularly poor girls who are not even allowed to go to school let alone play sports. She told The Click when she broke the news to her father that she was going to the biggest even in all of women’s soccer, the Women’s World Cup in Russia in 2018, that he did not even know what FIFA was. “My school principal told him what a tremendous achievement it was,” she said.
“When I was 14, the first ever Coach came to our school from “Right to Play” and she taught us girls to play football. I didn’t know about what football was other than watching it on TV occasionally” said the thin framed Gulshan about her journey from the slums to the biggest event in women’s soccer.
Pakistan lacks the national structure to develop female athletes. The challenges are enormous when it comes to sports especially in the slums in the form of personal, practical and social barriers.Gender inequality is a deeply ingrained and pervasive issue in Pakistani society. In a country where ‘standards of appropriateness’ are often imposed on women through fear and force, it is no surprise that many female athletes have faced security threats.
“Girls in Pakistan face many difficulties, cultural barriers including restriction to education and pursuing sports ,” Gulshan explains.” As a result most girls are not given the opportunity to pursue sports.”
The IOC’s Olympic Charter recognizes the “practice of sport as a human right”. The right to rest, leisure and recreational activity are recognized under the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and Convention on the Rights of the Child as basic human rights that are essential for a holistic education and full development of the human personality.
Articles 10 and 13 of the Convention on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women mandate that all state signatories ensure equal opportunities for women to participate in sports and physical education. Pakistan has ratified these international conventions.
The perception of women in sport in Pakistan is changing gradually. Female role models in sports are not hard to find these days. Maria Toorpakai Wazir, the squash legend from Waziristan, awarded the Salam award; Sana Mir, the former captain of the women’s cricket team who topped ICC rankings for international women bowlers; footballer Abiha Haider who was recently listed amongst the ‘30 Most Powerful Muslim Women in Sport’ are a few of many examples.
Gulshan said enthusiastically ,“when I used to play as a student, I would tell myself that when I become a coach I’ll teach my students to play their best”.